Reading and comprehension practice

Practice

Rose’s sister ran up the stairs two at a time. She wasn’t aware of how fast she was moving until she was in the long corridor. Even as she raced towards the room she wondered what had happened.

Rose ate breakfast and lunch with the family. She listened attentively to her private teacher that afternoon, and ate her usual dinner with the teacher after her music lesson. She didn’t argue when it was time to go to bed.

By the time Joanne had reached the door Rose’s screams had become an almost inhuman wail. She forced herself to focus and not give into the panic she was feeling.

Joanne attempted to open the door, but found it was locked. She placed her shoulder against the cold wood and tried to force the door. The effort was futile. The heavy door wouldn’t budge an inch.

Vocabulary
Please explain the words, using five to seven words, as they are used in the passage.

corridor ___________________________________________________________________
wail ___________________________________________________________________
Attentively ___________________________________________________________________
Futile ___________________________________________________________________
Budge ___________________________________________________________________

1. What did Joanne do when she heard her sister scream?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
2. Why had she been surprised?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
3. What had happened when she reached the room?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
4. What might have been wrong?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
5. Re-write paragraph two in past perfect.
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

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Spies and other lies

Expository essay
Spies and other lies

1. From ancient Babylon and Sparta, and through the ages up to the modern Persian Gulf, spies have changed history. The intrigues, plots, thefts and lies existed in Greece, Rome and China and beyond the fall of the Russia-led soviet state. Secrets have been hidden, lost, stolen and revealed. The fortunes and misfortunes of war have been influenced by the information gathered by espionage.
Military spies
2. When the formerly trustworthy colleague becomes the instrument of heart-felt betrayal, you’ve learnt you have a spy in your midst. Late at night a shadowy figure slips into an enemy camp and makes off with important documents. At least that’s the popular image of the spy at work. More likely the spy is someone within the close-confines of a military unit or the intelligence network of that nation. Generally this individual sells secrets for profit. Various armed forces have their own intelligence networks, and deal in sensitive matters such as weapons, tactics and present and future strategies. The loss of any of these could decide a battle, or a war.
Political spies
3. Politics is at least as dangerous as war. The internal and external health of a nation can rise or fall because of the right or wrong political information. Many unfortunate politicians have had their reputations and their careers destroyed by scandal. The spies may come from a foreign power, but are more likely from an opposing political party or the press. The discovery that their leaders are disreputable or easily influenced can be disheartening to a nation and affect it’s standing in the international community.
Sleepers in our midst ‘The reality of illegals’
4. Recently a group of foreign agents was discovered in the United States of America. These US-based ‘illegals’ were foreign agents posing as American, Canadian and British citizens. They had carefully-crafted false identities, elaborately-false past lives, and had fooled their business associates, their neighbours and even their children. No one is quite sure of their mission. Whether they were after military, corporate, political or financial secrets, remains as mysterious as their true identities once were. Who allowed these agents to enter, and why weren’t they discovered sooner raises questions of accountability. The confusion and paranoia created by their discovery can be as damaging as whatever actions they may have taken or planned.
Corporate Espionage
5. Nations and businesses thrive on information. ‘Knowledge is power’ is the mission statement of all but the most naïve of corporate leaders. Manufacturers of heavy equipment, aerospace, communications, medical or pharmaceutical products all have design and manufacturing secrets that help them to maintain a competitive edge or to dominate a particular market. Even fast food chains and soft drink producers have secret formulae.
6. There are organizations and individuals who make it their business to find, steal, duplicate and sell those closely-guarded secrets. The loss of this information could seriously damage, or even destroy, a company. The loss of large companies means the loss of jobs, and has wide spread repercussions in the national and global market.
7. We marvel at the covert exploits of spies in films and books, while we shake our heads at the reality of their clandestine activities. We don’t really believe in the existence of spies. They inhabit the corners of our realities, and linger in the shadows of our perceived civilized societies. Their influence doesn’t depend on our belief to be effective, but it impacts our lives at the most basic levels. Secrets exist everywhere. Their existence shapes our lives. The advantages of having those secrets can impact on us socially, financially and affect our basic safety.

Vocabulary
1. Clandestine _________________________________________
2. Confusion _________________________________________
3. Disreputable _________________________________________
4. Accountability _________________________________________
5. Unfortunate _________________________________________
6. Trustworthy _________________________________________
7. Community _________________________________________
8. Espionage _________________________________________

Comprehension for reading
True and False
1. Spies are a creation of our modern world. T/F
3. Espionage is a part of our lives                  T/F
2. Spying in real life is just like the movies.  T/F

Please answer in full sentences, using your own words as much as possible. If you use parts from the passage please use quotation marks around that portion.

3. Roughly estimate how long humans have spied on one another.(1)
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. Why do spies steal military secrets? (2)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. Why is espionage harmful to a nation? (2)
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. What were the ‘illegals’ after?(2)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. Speculate on the financial and social costs of spying.(3)
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Wise to the words #1

Always finish what you start.
Never shuffle when you should be dealing.
Don’t bite off more than you can chew.
Disturb sleeping dogs only if you enjoy gaping wounds.
An itch should be scratched, but sometimes you wait.
Clap and the whole world will say, ‘sit down and be quiet’.
Soothe nerves and win patience.
Small problems cause big headaches.
Red is not a good eye-colour.
Quick isn’t a substitute for well done.

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TEFL Indonesia Course 2015 in Surabaya

TEFL Course Schedule
(TESOL Certification)

Course in Surabaya

Course dates for 2015
Surabaya, East Java

May 4-29
June 1-26
July (unlikely due to Ramadan/(Lebaran)Idul Fitri
August 3-28
September August 31st-25
October 5-30
November 2-27
December 30-23
Contact us for more details

Surabaya,East Java
USD 1,790 (excluding accommodation)
Accommodation: USD 150 – USD 250

Please contact us with any more questions

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https://www.youtube.com/user/duplez61